House plan: how to share volumes?
To be pleasant to live in, the interior plan of a house must respect a certain coherence. Internal consistency to make travel between different areas more fluid: day / night, parent / child, private / public. But also consistency with the outside world and in particular with orientation.
The different areas of a house’s interior plan
The interior of a house can be divided into several zones:
- Day / night spaces to differentiate rooms and water rooms (bathrooms, toilet) from living rooms (kitchen, living room, dining room).
- Parent / child spaces to differentiate the parental suite (room, dressing room, bathroom) from children’s rooms and possibly their playroom.
- Private / public spaces to differentiate the part of the house that looks at the street (entry, garage) from the one that is more intimate and private (living room and dining room, terrace, access to the garden).
- Service / pleasure spaces to differentiate the garage, the cellar and the kitchen from the pleasure living rooms (living room and stay).
These different zones are connected to each other by horizontal circulation zones, also called clearances (hall and corridors) and vertical circulation zones (stairs).
The organization of the different areas of the interior plan of a house
For the interior plan of the house to be consistent, the different areas must be grouped together. For a single-foot house, all the rooms in the night part must be concentrated on the same side. For a house on the floor, they are located upstairs.
The transition from one zone to another must also follow a certain logic. Install the service area (garage, cellar, kitchen) next to the public area (entry) to avoid transporting the races across the house. Direct access from the garage to the cellar or possibly by is always practical.
Some spaces are intertwined. The service / approval space as well as the public space must be located in the day zone. Parent / child spaces are naturally in the night zone.
Other parts can belong to two zones and buffer between them. An office belongs to both the day and night areas. Placed in between, it attenuates the sounds of guests dining in the dining room, for example. WCs installed in between, prevent guests from going into the more intimate night zone.
Take into account the orientation of the house to organize the interior plan
The different RTs (Thermal regulations) are very explicit on this point. You have to know how to take advantage of the heat of the sun. It is from the establishment of the house on the ground that reflection must be carried out while taking into account the configuration of it and the neighborhood (other constructions, vegetation).
In general, the living rooms and especially the dining room and the living room must be located to the south to make the most of the sunshine. On the other hand, depending on the region, you also need to know how to protect yourself (proceedings from the roof, blind, pergola, planting trees).
In the north, it is better to minimize the openings and place service parts such as the garage and the cellar. They create a buffer zone against the cold of winter.
The kitchen and rooms are divided between east (morning sun) and west (evening sun).
This arrangement must extend to the outside since the living room and the stay must open on the terrace and the garden near the private area.
But for this house is really yours, you have to take into account your desires and your lifestyle habits. It is really important that you imagine living in this house whose interior plan you are thinking of. Think of the layout plan, piece by piece.
- The interior plan of a house